Sunday, July 19, 2020
Book Riotâs Deals of the Day for November 27th, 2019 Sponsored by Read Harder Journal, a reading log for tracking your books and reading outside your comfort zone! These deals were active as of this writing, but may expire soon, so get them while theyâre hot! Todays Featured Deals A Hundred Summers by Beatriz Williams for $1.99. Get it here, or just click on the cover image below. Comics Will Break Your Heart by Faith Erin Hicks for $2.99. Get it here, or just click on the cover image below. Im Your Man: The Life of Leonard Cohen by Sylvie Simmons for $1.99. Get it here, or just click on the cover image below. Fatality in F (A Gethsemane Brown Mystery Book 4) for $4.99. Get it here, or just click on the cover image below. In Case You Missed Yesterdays Most Popular DealS Home Fire by Kamila Shamsie for $1.99. Get it here, or just click on the cover image below. The Shadowglass (The Bone Witch Book 3) by Rin Chupeco for $2.99. Get it here, or just click on the cover image below. Previous Daily Deals That Are Still Active As Of This Writing (Get em While Theyre hot!): The Alexandria Link by Steve Berry for $2.99. Secrets of a Charmed Life by Susan Meissner for $1.99. Magic Hour: A Novel by Kristin Hannah for $2.99. Reckless by Selena Montgomery for $3.99. My Brief History by Stephen Hawking for $2.99. Get it here, or just click on the cover image below. New Kid by Jerry Craft for $2.99. Were Going to Need More Wine by Gabrielle Union for $2.99. Daughter of Fortune: A Novel by Isabel Allende for $1.99. Feel Free by Zadie Smith for $3.99. Daughter of the Pirate King by Tricia Levenseller for $2.99. Seven Stones to Stand or Fall: A Collection of Outlander Fiction by Diana Gabaldon for $2.99. 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Thursday, May 21, 2020
REAT Task 1 602.8-.3 Language can be defined as a means of communication through spoken sounds, written symbols, or hand and body gestures. Subject to this simple definition language is neither human nor animal exclusive, meaning that all living creatures use some form of language to communicate. Humans have created the most advanced system of language. Human language has advanced to include listening, speaking, reading, writing, viewing and visual representation. These components are known as the six language arts and while they are individual components they are as well interdependent. What you learn about one affects what and how you learn about the others. Listening is the foundation for speaking, reading and writing. Listening isÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦A child begins to form words somewhere between ten and eighteen months of age. The first word of a child is often momma or dada. The child repeats the sounds or utterances heard from the adults around him. Speech does not actually occur until the spoken word is deliberate and meant to communicate. By the time a child reaches kindergarten he has likely gained a 2000 Ã¢â¬â 3000 word vocabulary. While this number may seem excessive Dr. Mary E. Dahlgren states that a beginning kindergartener should have a 6000 word vocabulary for optimum grade and class performance (Dahlgren, 2008). In the classroom a studentÃ¢â¬â¢s vocabulary size was an effective predictor of reading comprehension. Children with a restricted or limited vocabulary also had declining comprehension scores in the third grade. The elementary teacher can promote speaking by allowing the student the opportunity to s peak and by listening to the student completely. Discussing a recently read book, or open discussions are ways in which a teacher can aid a studentÃ¢â¬â¢s speech development. Reading is the interpretation of written symbols and involves the visual perception of those symbols. Reading connects the meaning of symbols with the words that has been spoken or heard. Kindergarten students build reading skills as they progress from letter recognition to early phonics. They begin to learn the beginning and ending sounds of common or high frequency words. As their vocabulary increases students begin to use words
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Whether logical or illogical, solutions exist to all of societys problems. In A Modest Proposal by Jonathan Swift, devouring children solves societys economical downfall. On Dumpster Diving by Lars Eighner contrasts the satisfactory as a scavenger apart from the never sated middle class. In A Modest Proposal and On Dumpster Diving, Swift and Eighner utilize irony by presenting disturbing actions to emphasize the necessity of solving societys problems. Crafting their voices towards their attitudes on the discussion, the authors interest the reader to accept the topic. I began Dumpster divingÃ¢â¬ ¦ before I became homeless. (Eighner, Pg. 23, Ã ¶ 2) Eighner introduces himself as a prior dumpster diver to show that he understands whatÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦31, Ã ¶ 67) Eighner details societys problems in accepting what they already have. Students throw food awayÃ¢â¬ ¦ because they do not know whether it has spoiledÃ¢â¬ ¦ (Pg. 25, Ã ¶ 22) Society even unknowingly determine food and possessions as trash without further consideration of whether the possessions may prove useful in the future. Eighner condemns society for not understanding that necessity is more important than desire. These mothersÃ¢â¬ ¦ are forcedÃ¢â¬ ¦ to beg sustenance for their helpless infants, whoÃ¢â¬ ¦ either turn thievesÃ¢â¬ ¦ (Swift, Pg. 857, Ã ¶ 1) Swift introduces that children serve as a burden to not just their poor parents but also to the t roubled society once they grow up. ...a childÃ¢â¬ ¦ shall on the contrary contribute to the feeding, and partly to the clothing, of many thousands. (Pg. 858, Ã ¶ 4) Swift formulates that children should help society rather than be a burden. Eighner and Swift present the problems of society and their view of what needs to be known. Importantly, Eighner and Swift propose disturbing solutions for societys problems to stir ideas in readers. EvenÃ¢â¬ ¦ people will sometimes find something tempting sticking out of a DumpsterÃ¢â¬ ¦ (Eighner, Pg. 23, Ã ¶ 8) Eighner describes dumpster diving as an art with beneficial, intriguing items. No matter how disturbing dumpster diving may be, one mans trash is another mans treasure. I findÃ¢â¬ ¦ two rather deep lessons. (Pg. 31, Ã ¶ 67) Eighner details that divers learn lessons about material possessionsShow MoreRelatedThe Sociological Imagination and Freedom from Feelings of Entrapment1133 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesmoral questions and problems than it solved, and the problems were predominantly social ones (Mills: 1959: 15-16). This concept was, therefore, borne out of the need for a new bigger picture that would explain individual experience. When focussing only on the private sphere of the individual, people feel Ã¢â¬Å"uneasinessÃ¢â¬ (Mills, 1959: 12), Ã¢â¬Å"possessed by the sense of a trapÃ¢â¬ (Mills, 1959: 5). Their situation feels as if it was caused by a personal action, whereas in fact, the problem may be rooted in societalRead MoreEffects Of The Economy On Marriage1336 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesa decision which is highly influenced by the current economy. Another factor that is affecting societyÃ¢â¬â¢s views on marriage is the economy. In the recent past, the economy has taken a turn for the worse making it much more difficult to find jobs. A lack of work and therefore a lack of income can put many strains on a current or future marriage. In general, there are economic benefits of marriage. When two people combine their lives, they combine their assets and this gives them an advantage and stabilityRead MoreTechnology And Its Effect On Society1473 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesdeluge of information that gives the ability to become an expert on almost any given subject to the average person with enough academic will. Arbitrary searches fuel societyÃ¢â¬â¢s need for information and knowledge. What these meaningless searches do, means nothing for society in the long run. It is not until people use Google to solve problems that the famed search engine truly becomes useful. What Google becomes then is something that humanity may never be able to fully comprehend. In relation to thisRead MoreJohn Q : The Increasing Price Of Heal thcare1388 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesJohn Q is a movie that discusses a major problem which is the increasing prices of healthcare. It highlights how insurance companies can never tell a client his health defects in order to reduce their expenses, and how they can even turn the client from full-coverage to part-coverage without him knowing. In the movie, this led to heart failure to a child whose parents could not afford the cost of the heart transplant operation. After selling all their possessions, getting donations, and trying everyRead MoreThe Code Of Ethics Of The National Association Of Social Workers Essay1714 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthe social work profession, regardless of the role in which the workers are functioning. These codes should always be consulted as guidelines when ethical issues arise to get the best outcome for the clients. Good human service workers know this and stay up to date with any changes to the codes of ethics. They are also clear on managing their person al values when making a decision concerning their clients, so as not to cause more harm to the clients as well as themselves. Social work is challengingRead More Closing the Achievement Gap Essay2015 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pages Closing the Academic Achievement Gap Crisis in America The Achievement Gap in America has separated and divided Americas youth into more or less, two different cultures of socioeconomic placement. The first being the predominantly Caucasian students at American elementary schools, high schools, and colleges that excel greatly in their education. Most of the time earning them middle to upper class jobs in the economy, the aforementioned group contrasts significantly with its opposite cultureRead MoreCosi by Louis Nowra - Text Analysis Essay1992 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagespredominantly concerned with war and politics. Throughout the play, Nowra uses the play within a play, Cosi Fan Tutte, to convey his key values regarding the importance of love and fidelity in today s world, while questioning the necessity of war and condemning societys perceptions of madness itself. The playwright delivers these messages through a number of subtle implications and symbolic features which are evident in the story, ideas, characters, and actual dialogue which are presented in theRead MoreMaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s Hierarchy of Needs and Yann MartelÃ¢â¬â¢s Life of Pi1430 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesalgae that helps regain PiÃ¢â¬â¢s strength and Richard Parkers by eating the meerkats on the island. When Pi notices the tooth in the algae, Pi decides to leave the island and continue the journey to safety. Finally they arrive in Mexico where he finds two men that Pi starts to tell them the story of the journey to survival but none of the men believe what Pi sayÃ¢â¬â¢s and change the story for a better and more interesting story to share. Abraham Maslow first introduced the hierarchy of needs in a paperRead MoreEssay on The Impact of Cell Phone Usage on Our Social Life1590 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesusage affect the character traits of a person and their ability to hold regular, face to face conversations, it also affects a personÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to have healthy, stable relationships. Cell phones have changed from an item of luxury to an everyday necessity for some people. Twenty five years ago, a phone was just a way to contact someone. Mobile phones have become one of the most common tools of communications for both young and old. Cellular devices have redefined relationships and social conduct,Read MoreLiberation, Rebellion, and Relevance2471 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesand various issues concerning arts education and public funding for the arts. What IÃ¢â¬â¢ve set out to do is show that art is essential to the human existence and freedom. If, by examining the origins and functions of art, I am able to illustrate its necessity and inevitability in a free society, my hope is that that will move the reader to take up and champion the arts in the challenging issues facing them. How is art related to the struggle for and persistence of freedom? The perspective of this paper
string(119) " only laws are that you canÃ¢â¬â¢t tell humans about the Night World and that you canÃ¢â¬â¢t fall in love with them\." WinnieÃ¢â¬â¢s jaw dropped. Ã¢â¬Å"You-you-keep away from me!Ã¢â¬ Iliana said, and then she got another breath and started shrieking again. She had good lungs, Keller thought The shrieks were not only loud, they were piercing and pitched high enough to shatter glass. We will write a custom essay sample on Night World : Witchlight Chapter 4 or any similar topic only for you Order Now KellerÃ¢â¬â¢s sensitive eardrums felt as if somebody were driving ice picks through them. Ã¢â¬Å"All of you!Ã¢â¬ Iliana said. She was holding out both hands to fend them off. Ã¢â¬Å"Just let me go! I want to go home!Ã¢â¬ WinnieÃ¢â¬â¢s face cleared a little. Ã¢â¬Å"Yeah, IÃ¢â¬â¢ll bet you do. But, you see, that place is dangerous. WeÃ¢â¬â¢re going to take you somewhere safe-Ã¢â¬Å" Ã¢â¬Å"You kidnapped me! Oh, God, IÃ¢â¬â¢ve been kidnapped. My parents arenÃ¢â¬â¢t rich. What do you want?Ã¢â¬ Winnie looked at Keller for help. Keller was watching their prize Wild Power grimly. She was getting a bad feeling about this girl. Ã¢â¬ËItÃ¢â¬â¢s nothing like that.Ã¢â¬ She kept her voice quiet and level, trying to cut through the hysteria. Ã¢â¬Å"You-donÃ¢â¬â¢t you even talk to me!Ã¢â¬ Iliana waved a hand at Keller desperately. Ã¢â¬Å"I saw. You changed. You were a monster! There was blood all over- you killed that man.Ã¢â¬ She buried her face in her hands and began to sob. Ã¢â¬Å"No, she didnÃ¢â¬â¢t.Ã¢â¬ Winnie tried to put a hand on the girlÃ¢â¬â¢s shoulder. Ã¢â¬Å"And anyway, he attacked me first.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"He did not. He didnÃ¢â¬â¢t touch you.Ã¢â¬ The words were muffled and jerky. Ã¢â¬Å"He didnÃ¢â¬â¢t touch me, no, but-Ã¢â¬ Winnie broke off, looking puzzled. She tried again. Ã¢â¬Å"Not with his hands, but-Ã¢â¬Å" In the front seat, Nissa shook her head slightly, amused. Ã¢â¬Å"Boss-Ã¢â¬Å" Tm way ahead of you,Ã¢â¬ Keller said grimly. This was going to be difficult. Iliana didnÃ¢â¬â¢t even know that the dragon was the bad guy. All she had seen was a boy trying to talk with her, a girl inexplicably flying against a wall, and a panther that attacked unprovoked. KellerÃ¢â¬â¢s head hurt. Ã¢â¬Å"I want to go home,Ã¢â¬ Iliana repeated. All at once, with surprising speed, she lunged for the door handle. It took KellerÃ¢â¬â¢s animal reflexes to block her, and the movement sent another pang through her injured shoulder. Strangely, as it happened, pain seemed to flicker across GalenÃ¢â¬â¢s face. He reached out and gently pulled Iliana back. Ã¢â¬Å"Please donÃ¢â¬â¢t,Ã¢â¬ he said. Ã¢â¬Å"I know this is all really strange, but youÃ¢â¬â¢ve got it backwards. That guy who was talking to you-he was going to kill you. And Keller saved you. Now they want to take you somewhere safe and explain everything.Ã¢â¬ Diana raised her head and looked at him. She looked for a long time. Finally, she said, still almost whispering, Ã¢â¬Å"YouÃ¢â¬â¢re all right. I can tell.Ã¢â¬ Can she? Keller wondered. Does she see something in his eyes? Or does she just see that heÃ¢â¬â¢s a handsome blond guy with long lashes? Ã¢â¬Å"So youÃ¢â¬â¢ll go with her?Ã¢â¬ Galen asked. Iliana gulped, sniffed, and finally nodded. Ã¢â¬Å"Only if you go, too. And only for a little while. After that, I want to go home.Ã¢â¬ WinfrithÃ¢â¬â¢s face cleared-at least slightly. Keller stopped guarding the door, but she wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t happy. Ã¢â¬Å"Straight to the safe house, Boss?Ã¢â¬ Nissa asked, swinging the car back toward the freeway. Keller nodded grimly. She glanced at Galen. Ã¢â¬Å"You win.Ã¢â¬ She didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have to say the rest. The girl would only go if he went. Which made him a member of the team. For the present. He smiled, very faintly. There was nothing smug in it, but Keller looked again. Nothing was going the way sheÃ¢â¬â¢d planned. And Winnie might still have faith in her Witch Child, but KellerÃ¢â¬â¢s doubts had crystallized. We are all, she thought, in very big trouble. And there was a dragon that might start looking for them at any minute. How fast did dragons recover, anyway? Big trouble, Keller thought. The safe house was a nondescript brick bungalow. Circle Daybreak owned it, and nobody in the Night World knew about it. That was the theory, anyway. The truth was that no place was safe. As soon as they had hidden the limo in an ivy-covered carport in back and Keller had made a phone call to Circle Daybreak headquarters, she told Winnie to set up wards around the house. Ã¢â¬Å"They wonÃ¢â¬â¢t be all that strong,Ã¢â¬ Winnie said. Ã¢â¬Å"But theyÃ¢â¬â¢ll warn us if something tries to get in.Ã¢â¬ She bustled around, doing witch things to the doors and windows. Nissa stopped Keller on her own trip of inspection. Ã¢â¬Å"WeÃ¢â¬â¢d better look at your arm.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢s all right.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"You can barely move it.Ã¢â¬ Til manage. Go look at Winnie; she hit that wall pretty hard.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"WinnieÃ¢â¬â¢s okay; I already checked her. And, Keller, just because youÃ¢â¬â¢re the team leader doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t mean you have to be invulnerable. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s all right to accept help sometimes.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"We donÃ¢â¬â¢t have time to waste on me!Ã¢â¬ Keller went back to the living room. SheÃ¢â¬â¢d left Iliana in the care of Galen. She hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t actually told him that, but sheÃ¢â¬â¢d left them alone together, and now she found heÃ¢â¬â¢d gotten a root beer from the refrigerator and some tissues from the bathroom. Diana was sitting huddled on the couch, holding the drink and blotting her eyes. She jumped at every noise. Ã¢â¬Å"Okay, now IÃ¢â¬â¢m going to try to explain,Ã¢â¬ Keller said, pulling up an ottoman. Winnie and Nissa quietly took seats behind her. Ã¢â¬Å"I guess the first thing I should tell you about is the Night World. You donÃ¢â¬â¢t know what that is, do you?Ã¢â¬ Iliana shook her head. Ã¢â¬Å"Most humans donÃ¢â¬â¢t. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s an organization, the biggest underground organization in the world. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s made up of vampires and shapeshifters and witches-well, not witches now. Only a few of the darkest witches from Circle Midnight are still part of it. The rest of them have seceded.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"VampiresÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ Iliana whispered. Ã¢â¬Å"like Nissa,Ã¢â¬ Keller said. Nissa smiled, a rare full smile that showed sharp teeth. Ã¢â¬Å"And Winnie is a witch. And you saw what I am. But weÃ¢â¬â¢re all part of Circle Daybreak, which is an organization for everybody who wants to try to live together in peace.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Most of the Night People hate humans,Ã¢â¬ Winnie said. Ã¢â¬Å"Their only laws are that you canÃ¢â¬â¢t tell humans about the Night World and that you canÃ¢â¬â¢t fall in love with them. You read "Night World : Witchlight Chapter 4" in category "Essay examples"Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"But even humans can join Circle Daybreak,Ã¢â¬ Keller said. Ã¢â¬Å"And thatÃ¢â¬â¢s why you want me?Ã¢â¬ Iliana looked bewildered. Ã¢â¬Å"Well, not exactly.Ã¢â¬ Keller ran a hand over her forehead. Ã¢â¬Å"Look, the main thing you need to know about Circle Daybreak is what itÃ¢â¬â¢s trying to do right now. What itÃ¢â¬â¢s trying to keep from happening.Ã¢â¬ Keller paused, but there was no easy way to say it Ã¢â¬Å"The end of the world.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"The end of the world?Ã¢â¬ Keller didnÃ¢â¬â¢t smile, didnÃ¢â¬â¢t blink, just waited it out while Iliana sputtered, gasped, and looked at Galen for some kind of sanity. When she finally ran down, Keller went on. Ã¢â¬Å"The millennium is coming. When it gets here, a time of darkness is going to begin. The vampires want it to happen; they want the darkness to wipe out the human race. They figure that then theyÃ¢â¬â¢ll be in charge.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"The end of the world,Ã¢â¬ Iliana said. Ã¢â¬Å"Yes. I can show you the evidence if you want There are all sorts of things happening right now that prove it The world is falling into disorder, and pretty soon itÃ¢â¬â¢s going to fall apart. But the reason we need you is because of the prophecies.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I want to go home.Ã¢â¬ I bet you do, Keller thought. For a moment, she felt complete sympathy for the girl. Ã¢â¬Å"Like this.Ã¢â¬ She quoted: Ã¢â¬Å"Four to stand between the light and the shadow, Four of blue fire, power in their blood. Born in the year of the bund MaidenÃ¢â¬â¢s vision; Four less one and darkness triumphs.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I really donÃ¢â¬â¢t know what youÃ¢â¬â¢re talking about-Ã¢â¬Å" Ã¢â¬Å"Four Wild Powers,Ã¢â¬ Keller went on relentlessly. Ã¢â¬Å"Four people with a special gift, something nobody else has. Each one of them born seventeen years ago.If Circle Daybreak can get all four of them to work together-and only if Circle Daybreak can get them to work together-then we can hold off the darkness.Ã¢â¬ Iliana was shaking her head, edging away even from Galen. Behind Keller, Winnie and Nissa stood up, closing in. They faced her in a solid block, unified. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m sorry,Ã¢â¬ Keller said. Ã¢â¬Å"You canÃ¢â¬â¢t escape it. YouÃ¢â¬â¢re part of it. YouÃ¢â¬â¢re a Wild Power.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"And you should be happy,Ã¢â¬ Winnie burst out, unable to contain herself any longer. Ã¢â¬Å"YouÃ¢â¬â¢re going to help save the world. You know that thing I did back in the Hallmark shop? With the orange fire?Ã¢â¬ She cupped her hands. Ã¢â¬Å"Well, youÃ¢â¬â¢re full of blue fire. And thatÃ¢â¬â¢s so much stronger-nobody even knows what it can do.Ã¢â¬ Iliana put out her hands. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m sorry. I really am. But you guys are nuts, and youÃ¢â¬â¢ve got the wrong person. I mean, I donÃ¢â¬â¢t know, maybe youÃ¢â¬â¢re not completely nuts. The things that happened back at that storeÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ She stopped and gulped. Ã¢â¬Å"But I donÃ¢â¬â¢t have anything to do with it.Ã¢â¬ She shut her eyes, as if that would bring the real world into focus. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m not any Wild Power,Ã¢â¬ she said more firmly. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m just a human kid-Ã¢â¬Å" Ã¢â¬Å"Actually, no,Ã¢â¬ Nissa said. Ã¢â¬Å"YouÃ¢â¬â¢re a lost witch,Ã¢â¬ Winnie cut in. Ã¢â¬Å"YouÃ¢â¬â¢re a Harmon. A Hearth-Woman. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s the most famous family of witches; theyÃ¢â¬â¢re like-theyÃ¢â¬â¢re royalty. And youÃ¢â¬â¢re the most famous of all of them. YouÃ¢â¬â¢re the Witch Child. WeÃ¢â¬â¢ve been waiting for you.Ã¢â¬ Keller shifted. Ã¢â¬Å"Winnie, maybe we donÃ¢â¬â¢t need to tell her all of this right now.Ã¢â¬ But Winnie was racing on. Ã¢â¬Å"YouÃ¢â¬â¢re the one whoÃ¢â¬â¢s going to unite the shapeshifters and the witches. YouÃ¢â¬â¢re going to marry a prince of the shapeshifters, and then weÃ¢â¬â¢re all going to be like this.Ã¢â¬ She held up two intertwined fingers. Iliana stared at her. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m only seventeen. IÃ¢â¬â¢m not marrying anybody.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Well, you can do a promise ceremony; thatÃ¢â¬â¢s binding. The witches would accept it, and I think the shapeshifters would.Ã¢â¬ She glanced at Keller for confirmation. Keller pinched the bridge of her nose. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m just a grunt; I canÃ¢â¬â¢t speak for the Ã¢â¬Ëshifters.Ã¢â¬ Winnie was already turning back to Iliana, her curls shaking with earnestness. Ã¢â¬Å"Really, you know,Ã¢â¬ she said, Ã¢â¬Å"itÃ¢â¬â¢s incredibly important. Right now, the Night World is split. Vampires on one side, witches on the other. And the shapeshifters-well, they could go either way. And thatÃ¢â¬â¢s what could determine the battle.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Look-Ã¢â¬Å" Ã¢â¬Å"The witches and the shapeshifters havenÃ¢â¬â¢t been allies for thirty thousand-Ã¢â¬Å" Ã¢â¬Å"I donÃ¢â¬â¢t care!Ã¢â¬ Full-blown hysteria. It was about as scary as a six-week-old kitten hissing, but it was the best raving Iliana could manage. Both her small fists were clenched, and her face and throat were flushed. Ã¢â¬Å"I donÃ¢â¬â¢t care about the shapeshifters or the witches. IÃ¢â¬â¢m just a normal kid with a normal life, and I want to go home! I donÃ¢â¬â¢t know anything about fighting. Even if I believed all this stuff, I couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t help you. I hate PE; IÃ¢â¬â¢m totally uncoordinated. I get sick when I see blood. And-Ã¢â¬ She looked around and made an inarticulate sound of exasperation. Ã¢â¬Å"And I lost my purse.Ã¢â¬ Keller stood up. Ã¢â¬Å"Forget your purse.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"It had my momÃ¢â¬â¢s credit card in it. SheÃ¢â¬â¢s going to kill me if I come home without that. I just- whereÃ¢â¬â¢s my purse?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Look, you little idiot,Ã¢â¬ Keller said. Ã¢â¬Å"Worry about your mother, not about her credit card.Ã¢â¬ Diana backed up a step. Even in the middle of a hysterical fit, she was beautiful beyond words. Strands of angel-fine hair stuck to her flushed, wet cheeks. Her eyes were dark as twilight, shadowed by heavy lashes-and they wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t quite meet KellerÃ¢â¬â¢s. Ã¢â¬Å"I donÃ¢â¬â¢t know what you mean.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Yes, you do. WhereÃ¢â¬â¢s your mom going to be when the end of the world comes? Is a credit card going to save her then?Ã¢â¬ Iliana was in a corner now. Keller could hear both Nissa and Winnie making warning noises. She knew herself that this was the wrong way to get someone on their side. But patience wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t one of KellerÃ¢â¬â¢s great virtues. Neither was keeping her temper. Ã¢â¬Å"LetÃ¢â¬â¢s see,Ã¢â¬ Galen said, and his voice was like cool water flowing through the room. Ã¢â¬Å"Maybe we could take a little break-Ã¢â¬Å" Ã¢â¬Å"I donÃ¢â¬â¢t need advice from you,Ã¢â¬ Keller snapped. Ã¢â¬Å"And if this little idiot is too stupid to understand that she canÃ¢â¬â¢t turn her back on this, we have to show her.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m not an idiot!Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Then youÃ¢â¬â¢re just a big baby? Scared?Ã¢â¬ Iliana sputtered again. But there was unexpected fire in her violet eyes as she did it. She was looking right at Keller now, and for a moment Keller thought that there might be a breakthrough. Then she heard a noise. Her ears picked it up before either WinnieÃ¢â¬â¢s or NissaÃ¢â¬â¢s. A car on the street outside. Ã¢â¬Å"Company,Ã¢â¬ Keller said. She noticed that Galen had stiffened. Had he heard it? Winnie was moving to stand behind the door; Nissa slipped as quietly as a shadow to the window. It was dark outside now, and vampire eyes were good at night. Ã¢â¬Å"Blue car,Ã¢â¬ Nissa said softly. Ã¢â¬Å"Looks like them inside.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Who?Ã¢â¬ Diana said. Keller gestured at her to be quiet. Ã¢â¬Å"Winnie?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I have to wait until they cross the wards.Ã¢â¬ A pause, then she broke into a smile. Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢s her!Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Who?Ã¢â¬ Iliana said. Ã¢â¬Å"I thought nobody was supposed to know we were here.Ã¢â¬ Good thinking. Logical, Keller thought. Ã¢â¬Å"This is someone I called. Someone who came all the way fromNevada and has been waiting to see you.Ã¢â¬ She went to the door. It took a few minutes for the people in the car to get out-they moved slowly. Keller could hear the crunch of footsteps and the sound of a cane. She opened the door. There was no light outside; the figures approaching were in shadow until they actually reached the threshold. The woman who stepped in was old. So old that anyoneÃ¢â¬â¢s first thought on first seeing her was How can she still be alive? Her skin was creased into what seemed like hundreds of translucent folds. Her hair was pure white and almost as fine as DianaÃ¢â¬â¢s, but there wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t much of it. Her already tiny figure was stooped almost double. She walked with a cane in one hand and the other tucked into the arm of a nondescript young man. But the eyes that met KellerÃ¢â¬â¢s were anything but senile. They were bright and almost steely, gray with just the faintest touch of lavender. Ã¢â¬Å"The GoddessÃ¢â¬â¢s bright blessings on you all,Ã¢â¬ she said, and smiled around the room. It was Winnie who answered. Ã¢â¬Å"WeÃ¢â¬â¢re honored by your presence-Grandma Harman.Ã¢â¬ In the background, Diana demanded plaintively for the third time, Ã¢â¬Å"Who?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"SheÃ¢â¬â¢s your great-great-aunt,Ã¢â¬ Winnie said, her voice quiet with awe. Ã¢â¬Å"And the oldest of the Harmans. SheÃ¢â¬â¢s the Crone of all the Witches.Ã¢â¬ Diana muttered something that might have been, Ã¢â¬Å"She looks like it.Ã¢â¬ Keller stepped in before Winnie could attack her. She introduced everyone. Grandma HarmanÃ¢â¬â¢s keen eyes flickered when GalenÃ¢â¬â¢s turn came, but she merely nodded. Ã¢â¬Å"This is my apprentice and driver, Toby,Ã¢â¬ she told them. Ã¢â¬Å"He goes everywhere with me, so you can speak freely in front of him.Ã¢â¬ Toby helped her to the couch, and everyone else sat, too-except Diana, who stubbornly stayed in her corner. Ã¢â¬Å"How much have you told her?Ã¢â¬ Grandma Harman asked. Ã¢â¬Å"Almost everything,Ã¢â¬ Keller said. Ã¢â¬Å"And?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"She-isnÃ¢â¬â¢t quite certain.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I am certain,Ã¢â¬ Diana piped up. Ã¢â¬Å"I want to go home.Ã¢â¬ Grandma Harman extended a knobby hand toward her. Ã¢â¬Å"Come here, child. I want to take a look at my great-great-niece.Ã¢â¬ Tm not your great-great-niece,Ã¢â¬ Diana said. But with those steely-but-soft eyes fixed on her, she took one step forward. Ã¢â¬Å"Of course you are; you just donÃ¢â¬â¢t know it. Do you realize, youÃ¢â¬â¢re the image of my mother when she was your age? And IÃ¢â¬â¢ll bet your great-grandmother looked like her, too.Ã¢â¬ Grandma Harman patted the couch beside her. Ã¢â¬Å"Come here. IÃ¢â¬â¢m not going to hurt you. My name is Edgith, and your great-grandmother was my little sister, Elspeth.Ã¢â¬ Diana blinked slowly. Ã¢â¬Å"Great-grandmother Elspeth?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"It was almost ninety years ago that I last saw her. It was just before the First World War. She and our baby brother, Emmeth, were separated from the rest of the family. We all thought they were dead, but they were being raised inEngland . They grew up and had children there, and eventually some of those children came toAmerica . Without ever suspecting their real heritage, of course. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s taken us a long time to track down their descendants.Ã¢â¬ Iliana had taken another involuntary step. She seemed fascinated by what the old woman was saying. Ã¢â¬Å"Mom always talked about Great-grandmother Elspeth. She was supposed to be so beautiful that a prince fell in love with her.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Beauty has always run in our family,Ã¢â¬ Grandma Harman said carelessly. Ã¢â¬Å"Beauty beyond comparison, ever since the days of Hellewise Hearth-Woman, our foremother. But that isnÃ¢â¬â¢t the important thing about being a Harman.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬ËIt isnÃ¢â¬â¢t?Ã¢â¬ Iliana said doubtfully. Ã¢â¬Å"No.Ã¢â¬ The old woman banged her cane. Ã¢â¬Å"The important thing, child, is the art Witchcraft. You are a itch, Iliana; itÃ¢â¬â¢s in your blood. It always will be. And youÃ¢â¬â¢re the gift of the Harmans in this last fight Now, listen carefully.Ã¢â¬ Staring at the far wall, she recited slowly and deliberately: Ã¢â¬Å"One from the land of kings long forgotten; One from the hearth which still holds the spark; One from the Day World where two eyes are watching; One from the twilight to be one with the dark.Ã¢â¬ Even when she had finished, the words seemed to hang in the air of the room. No one spoke. DianaÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes had changed. She seemed to be looking inside herself, at something only she could see. It was as if deeply buried memories were stirring. Ã¢â¬Å"ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s right,Ã¢â¬ Grandma Harman said softly. Ã¢â¬Å"You can feel the truth of what IÃ¢â¬â¢m telling you. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s all there, the instinct, the art, if you just let it come out. Even the courage is there.Ã¢â¬ Suddenly, the old womanÃ¢â¬â¢s voice was ringing. Ã¢â¬Å"YouÃ¢â¬â¢re the spark in the poem, Iliana. The hope of the witches. Now, what do you say? Are you going to help us beat the darkness or not?Ã¢â¬ How to cite Night World : Witchlight Chapter 4, Essay examples
Sunday, April 26, 2020
Gap between White Upper Class Women and Latin Women Sociological studies of gender stratification confirm that housework is defined as symbolic of womens oppression, and it is not a new thing for hiring domestic worker to lift the burden of housework from middle class women. Fay Dudley explained, middle class women elevated their status by supervising the work of servant and shifted the roles of authority and activity, rather than passivity and isolation. In the U. S. In recent years, white middle class women have more control over household income and more responsibilities outside home. With many burdens, they have no time to cope with housework, so they need outsiders to keep the household running. As a result, white upper class women start to seek low-income workers to do housework in their home, and now they are able to use cheap domestic laborers to take some of the burdens away from them. We will write a custom essay sample on Mouy or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page On the other hand, most Latin immigrants have no choice to choose the Job because they lack English language knowledge. That is why they are provided as a cheap labor in the United States in which women often work as domestics while men work as laborers and construction workers. The social gap between upper class white women and lower class immigrants can be seen through Latin women who work as domestics and live in their employers home. As female Latin immigrants are at a disadvantage for a variety of reasons, they are not exposed to much of the same kind of education that is offered in the U. S. , and they also face language barriers and cultural differences that keep them out of the white collar labor force and keep them in low paid Jobs. Given their limited options, they are often unable to find high paid jobs in the United States. Therefore, many of them choose to be domestics or shopkeepers for middle and upper class families. To be domestics or housekeepers show the gap between white upper class women and Latin women because upper class white women think that they have more privilege than Latin women, so they not only hire them to do housework, a dirty task, but they also hire them in low-income frequently. The Reasons Why Most Latin Women Choose Housekeeper for Job There are many advantages for immigrant women who choose a Job as a housekeeper. Molly Keepers study reveals that the most important thing of these advantages is flexible working hours. According to Mexican culture, Mexican women re normally obligated to be with the family and take responsibility for housework. Therefore, with this advantage, most of them are still able to be responsible for their own households, and they can arrange time to care their children and meet friends as well. In some case, they are allowed to take their children with them while they are at the employers house. Besides, to be a housemaid also help Latin women can make more money to support their family household. Another advantage of the Job as a housekeeper is a freedom to choose their own employer and quit the Job anytime they want because the maids are in high demand n the United States. It is also easy to apply for a housemaid as this Job requires little or no training. Moreover, these workers can work without Visa and do not need to learn how to speak English as well. Comparing to their peers who work in factories and restaurants, to be a housekeeper takes more advantages than those Jobs due to working hours and conditions. Consequently, all these advantages show the reason why most of Latin women choose a housemaid as their Job. Colonization One of the most difficult issues for Latin women is the language barrier that they face in the United States (Kef, 2002). As many of them have not got high education, they do not know how to speak English at all. Without English skills, it is not only difficult for Latin women to communicate with others, but they are also restricted to do many things such as a driving license. Furthermore, language barrier may keep them away from obtaining some employment. However, Latin women, nowadays, start to learn English and send their child to school to learn English as well because they realize that to know English will give them opportunities not only to communicate with people but also to get a better Job in their future lives.
Wednesday, March 18, 2020
Digital Lending IsHere! For me, books are like crack. I will seriously consider buying less food if there is a new title out that I want to read.Ã And having a Kindle makes it all too easy to have instant gratification. At first I thought I was safe. After all, Kindle allows you to sample any book you are thinking about purchasing before actually doing so. I typically do opt for the free portion before buying, but rarely do I not click Download Now. In under a minute, I have added another digital notch to my bookshelf. However, roughly a third of the time I select a title, I have some buyers remorse. And as many Kindle owners know, those regrets can add up financially. Thats why I was pleased to learn that Kindle has added library lending to its services. Just like a title you purchase, your library selections allow you to annotate, highlight, and use bookmarks. If you choose to buy it or check it out again, those notes will still be there. Right now, 11,000 libraries around the country are participating in digital lending. HereÃ is how it works: Visit the website of a U.S. library that offers digital services from OverDrive. Check out a Kindle book (using a valid library card). Click on Get for Kindle and then sign in to your Amazon.com account to have the book delivered to your Kindle device or reading app. Your book can be delivered to your device either directly or via USB. Happy (free!) reading!!!
Monday, March 2, 2020
Why the US Government Cant End Illegal Immigration Illegal immigration into the United States is a highly profitable proposition for both employers and the U.S. government, and it also benefits Mexico, which is the largest source country of undocumented immigrants into the US. The US and Mexican governments actively entice illegal immigrants to enter this country and to work illegally for profit-hungry U.S. employers. Poverty-stricken immigrants , who are often desperate to house and feed their families, respond to the financial enticements...and then are blamed by U.S. citizenry for illegally being in the US. The purpose of this 4-part article is to explain why the US federal government cant afford and doesnt soon plan to to end illegal immigration. Part 1 - United States Borders Are Barely EnforcedTen million illegal immigrants live in the US, according to estimates by academic and government agencies, although Bear-Stearns investment firm analysts claim that the US illegal immigrant population may be as high as 20 million people. About 75% of undocumented immigrants arrive across the US southern border with Mexico, and hail from Mexico, El Salvador, Guatemala, Colombia and other Central and South American countries. The bulk...about 50% of all illegals....are Mexican-born people. Time magazine stated in 2004 that illegal immigration accelerated under the Bush Administration, with the US gaining 3 million additional illegal immigrant residents in 2004. A third of all illegal immigrants in the US live in California. Other states with large illegal populations are, in descending order, Texas, New York, Illinois, Florida and Arizona. After more than 100 years in existence, President Bush dissolved the US Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS)in March 2003 and absorbed it into the new Homeland Security Department, along with FEMA and dozens of other federal agencies created to help citizens and residents. Until its dissolution, the INS had been part of the Justice Department since 1940, and before that, part of the US Labor Department. After the September 11, 2001 tragedy, the Bush Administration complained that the INS was insufficiently focused on deporting and expelling illegal immigrants, and thus asked that it be transferred to Homeland Security. The US Border Patrol is charged with the responsibility of enforcing illegal immigration across US borders. Until 2003, the Border Patrol was part of the INS, but was also folded into Homeland Security (as a separate agency from INS). The massive US intelligence agencies overhaul passed by Congress and signed by President Bush in January 2005 required Homeland Security to hire 10,000 more Border Patrol agents, 2,000 per year starting immediately. The Border Patrol currently employs 9,500 agents who patrol 8,000 miles of border. But Bush Administration ignored the law mandating the hiring of new agents. Said Congressman John Culberson (R-TX) to CNNs Lou Dobbs, Unfortunately, the White House ignored the law, and only asked us for 200 more agents. Thats unacceptable. Culberson was referring to the federal budget for 2006 in which President Bush provided funds for only 210 new agents, not 2,000 additional agents. Both houses of Congress worked together twice in 2005 to bypass the White House, and hire 1,500 new Border Patrol agents......500 shy of that required by law, but far surpassing the mere 210 planned by President Bush. The US-Mexico border remains significantly under-patrolled. On October 7, 2005, 80 members of the House of Representatives sent a letter to the President, calling on him to enforce immigration laws, and deferring consideration of the White Houses proposed guest-worker immigration program. History has shown that enforcement provisions are ignored and underfunded... said the Congressional letter. Meanwhile, Congressman Culberson told CNNs Lou Dobbs on October 7, 2005, Weve got a full-scale war going on our southern border. You dont need to go to Iraq to see a war. Weve got widespread lawlessness...We need boots on the ground...ASAP. Part 2 - Widespread Poverty and Hunger in MexicoAccording to the World Bank, 53% of Mexico population of 104 million residents live in poverty, which is defined as living on less than $2 a day. Close to 24% of Mexicos population live in extreme poverty, which means they live on less than $1 a day. The bottom 40% of Mexican households share less than 11% of the countrys wealth. Millions live in extreme poverty,and children are compelled to work on the streets in order to help provide food for their families. Unemployment in Mexico is realistically estimated near 40%, and there are no government unemployment benefits. There are also virtually no welfare benefits to provide the basics for poverty-stricken, often-starving women, children and families. Poverty wasnt always as pervasive as it is today in Mexico. In 1983, the devaluation of the Mexican peso triggered an explosion of US-owned factories, called maquiladoras, along the Mexican side of the US-Mexico border. Corporations closed thousands of factories within US borders, and relocated them to Mexico to take advantage of cheaper labor costs, few required benefits and legally-acceptable poorer working conditions. Hundreds of thousands of poor Mexican workers and their families moved to northernmost Mexico to labor in the maquiladoras. Within ten years, though, those same US corporations closed the maquiladoras, and again relocated factories, this time to Asia, which proffered even cheaper labor costs, no benefits and often abject working conditions acceptable to local governments. Those hundreds of thousands of Mexican workers in the maquiladoras, and their families, were left with nothing. No benefits, no severance. Nothing. To complicate economic matters more, Mexicos 1994-95 privatization of its banking and telecommunications industries thrust millions more into poverty with increased consumer prices, rising unemployment and wage and benefit cuts. Mexicos massive privatizations in 1994-95 also created a new privileged class of home-grown millionaires and billionaires. As of 2002, Mexico ranked fourth in the world in billionaires, behind the US, Japan and Germany. To summarize thusfar, millions of Mexican families live in soul-stripping poverty...unemployed, hungry, without healthcare...and the US border with Mexico is significantly under-enforced. Part 3 - US Employers Routinely Hire Illegal Immigrants, With Little PenaltyIn March 2005, Wal-Mart, a company with $285 billion in annual sales. was fined $11 million for having untold hundreds of illegal immigrants nationwide clean its stores. The federal government boasts its the largest of its kind. But for Wal-Mart, it amounts to a rounding error-and no admittance of wrongdoing since it claims it didnt know its contractors hired the illegals wrote the Christian Science Monitor on March 28, 2005. If it werent so easy for illegals and employers to skirt worker ID verification, the settlements requirement that Wal-Mart also improve hiring controls might have a ripple effect in corporate America. but the piddling fine will hardly deter businesses from hiring cheap labor from a pool of illegals thats surged by 23 percent since 2000....But enforcement is pathetically inadequate, especially since 9/11. The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 provides for sanctions against businesses that hire undocumented workers, which means workers without proper identification. The legislation was enacted once Mexico-US border maquiladoras run by US corporations began closing, and those workers streamed across the border, searching for jobs of any kind. But heres the rub. In 1999, under President Bill Clinton, the US government collected $3.69 million in fines from 890 companies for employing undocumented workers. In 2004, under President George Bush, the federal government collected $188,500 from 64 companies for such illegal employment practices. And in 2004, the Bush Administration levied NO fines for US companies employing undocumented workers. In 21st-century America, its an unspoken agreement between employer, the undocumented employee and the federal government: the employee provides acceptable ID that appears authentic, the employer asks no questions, and the US government looks the other way. Fake ID...Social Security cards, US permanent residency cards (i.e. green cards), US temporary employment authorization cards....are readily available for about $100 to $200 in every major American city,and plenty of smaller ones, too. Wrote reporter Eduardo Porter in an April 5, 2005 New York Times article, Currently available for about $150 on street corners in just about any immigrant neighborhood in California, a typical fake ID package includes a green card and a Social Security card. It provides cover for employers, who, if asked, can plausibly assert that they believe all their workers are legal. Why would employers hire undocumented workers? As one person in Arizona noted, It looks like entering the US through the desert as undocumented immigrants is some kind of employment screening test administered by the US government for the hospitality, construction and recreation industries. Willing to work at the most dangerous jobs, an immigrant a day will also die in the work place, even while for others the work place has become safer over the last decade. And undocumented workers, grateful for any job, will work for lower wages and minimal or no benefits, therefore enabling employers to make higher business profits. Cheaper labor costs and lesser working conditions equal greater profits for business owners. In a January 2005 World Net Daily article, a report by investment firm Bear Stearns was cited that clearly illustrates that millions of US jobs have shifted from the legal workforce as employers have systematically replaced American workers with lower wage illegal aliens. For illegal immigrants, its about finding any work to feed, clothe and shelter their families. For employers, its about profits. But why would the US government look the other way, allowing employers to replace American workers with undocumented workers from other countries? ...experts blame the twin pressures of ethnic advocacy and business interests reports the Christian Science Monitor. Translation....ethnic advocacy means buying favor...and votes....within the illegal immigrant community. If an immigrant doesnt vote, he/she has relatives who do. In the 21st century, Hispanics surpassed African-Americans as the largest ethnic group in the United States. Many believe that the Bush Administrations lack of immigration enforcement in 2004 was directly connected to the Republican Partys goal to court the Hispanic vote, and to entice Hispanics to join Republican ranks. Translation...business interests means profits. When labor costs are lower, business profits are higher. When thousands of businesses have higher profits, then the US business community is stronger (and happier). More votes and more voter perception of success. A major economic drawback, though, to allowing thousands...probably millions...of US businesses to pay under-market wages and benefits to undocumented workers is that it depresses wages for all workers in the US. All Americans workers, then have decreased incomes, lower benefits and higher rates of poverty and hunger. An obvious moral drawback to allowing US businesses to pay under-market, lower than even minimum wage rates, is that its wrong. Minimum wage and standard minimal working conditions are established to humanely provide for the safety and welfare of all workers...not just American-born workers. Its a matter of decency and human rights, rooted in the United States Christian-Judeo heritage. Its wrong and exploitative, and its immoral. Its an updated form of economic slavery. Writes Dr. Groody, Immigrants die cutting North Carolina tobacco and Nebraska beef, chopping down trees in Colorado, welding a balcony in Florida , trimming grass at a Las Vegas golf course, and falling from scaffolding in Georgia.... With an economic gun at their backs, they leave their homes because hunger and poverty pushes them across the border....Every day, immigrants dehydrate in deserts, drown in canals, freeze in mountains and suffocate in tractor trailers. As a result, the death toll has increased 1,000 percent in some places. And theres one more reason why would the US government would look the other way, thus allowing US employers to replace American workers with undocumented workers from other countries. A huge, seemingly insurmountable reason. A $7 billion a year problem: Social Security. Part 4 - Undocumented Workers Give $7 Billion Annually to Social SecurityAccording to a New York Times article on April 5, 2005, ...the estimated seven million or so illegal immigrant workers in the United States are now providing the system with a subsidy of as much as $7 billion a year....Moreover, the money paid by illegal immigrants and their employers is factored into all the Social Security Administrations projections. However,since illegal immigrant workers are here illegally, and ostensibly presented fake ID to the US employer, they will never collect Social Security benefits. For illegal immigrants, Social Security numbers are simply a tool needed to work on this side of the border. Retirement does not enter the picture, reports the New York Times. The Social Security Administration remains solvent in large part due to deductions taken from the paychecks of illegal immigrant workers, yet Social Security will never pay benefits to those workers. The workers pay in, but they never receive back. Wouldnt the federal government detect fake Social Security numbers? According to that April 6, 2005 New York Times article, Starting in the late 1980s, the social Security Administration received a flood of W-2 earnings reports with incorrect-sometimes simply fictitious-Social Security numbers. It stashed them in what it calls the earnings suspense file in the hope that someday it would figure out whom they belonged to. The file has been mushrooming ever since: $189 billion worth of wages ended up recorded in the suspense file over the 1990s, two and a half times the amount of the 1980s. In the current decade, the file is growing, on average, by more than $50 billion a year, generating $6 billion to $7 billion in Social Security tax revenue and about $1.5 billion in Medicare taxes. ...the mismatched W-2s fit like a glove on illegal immigrants known geographic distribution and the patchwork of jobs they typically hold. An audit found that more than half of the 100 employers filing the most earnings reports with false social Security numbers from 1997 through 2001 came from just three states: California, Texas and Illinois. As shown by this information, the federal bureaucracy clearly knows which companies employ probable illegal immigrant workers, and it even knows which workers are likely illegals. And the government does nothing about it. Not one penalty was levied by the federal government against an employer in 2004 for hiring undocumented workers. SUMMARY The equation to explain the whys of illegal immigration into the US is simple: Add: Widespread abject poverty and starvation in Mexico after US corporations relocated their cheap-labor plants from the US-Mexico border to Asia, and after Mexican banks and telecommunications were privatized, creating dozens of instant billionaires and plunging millions into poverty. Add: An extremely porous, under-enforced US-Mexico border. Add: US employers anxious for more profits, and willing to exploit the poverty and fears of illegal immigrants to do so. Add: The federal government anxious to curry favor with , and garner votes from, business owners and the Hispanic community...thus, willing to under-enforce borders and immigrations laws, and ignore illegal hiring by employers. Add: The Social Security Administration dependent on taking in $7 billion annually of contributions from illegal immigrant workers who will never receive benefits from the system. THE RESULT: Millions of illegal immigrants working for low wages and in poor working conditions, grateful for scraps to fall from the US table of prosperity, per Dr. Groody. Wealthier US businesses, and a much-richer Social Security Administration, neither which reimburse local and state authorities and taxpayers for the costs (education, health care, law enforcement and more) associated with illegal immigrants. And a very angry US citizenry, who vilify immigrants for being here, rather than blaming the business owners who hire and exploit them, the US government which lets them enter the US and profits greatly from them, and the Mexican government which is happy to see them immigrate out of their country. Our nation virtually posts two sign on its southern border: Help Wanted: Inquire Within and Do Not Trespass, says Pastor Robin Hoover of Humane Borders. Without the help of immigrant labor, the US economy would virtually collapse. We want and need cheap immigrant labor, but we do not want the immigrants.